Growing tomatoes in containers
Tomatoes are one of the easiest vegetable to grow in pots. Growing tomatoes in pots is a highly gratifying experience for any home gardener.
Even a novice gardener can grow tomato plant with much ease in a little space in the balcony.
Learn How to grow tomatoes in pots Step by Step
Home grown tomatoes are free from pesticides and taste better than those we buy from supermarkets.
Two most important factors which account for success in growing tomatoes in pots are consistent watering and plenty of sunshine.
Though tomato is a fruit botanically as it directly develops from the flower of the plant however its distinct and flavorful taste, brings it under the category of culinary vegetable according to Wikipedia.
Tomato is a culinary staple of almost all the salads and side dishes around the world. It is the largest growing vegetable crop after potato and sweet potato in the world.
From flavorsome Vegetable salads and sauces to wholesome pastas, most of the recipes are incomplete without that sweet tangy flavor of tomatoes.
Known facts about tomatoes:-
- Origin :- south and west America
- Species:- Lycopericon esculentum (solanu m lycopersicon)
- Family :- solanacea
- Varieties :- More than 70 Varieties of tomato present all over the world. They come in different color side and shapes. The most basic types or classification is
determinate or indeterminate
and heirloom or hybrid.
Tomatoes, beefsteak ,brandy wine, paste tomato (romas)& ,big boy, pear and purple haze.
Benefits of having tomatoes daily
Besides giving food a distinct palatable taste and color, tomatoes are extremely good for General well being. They are great source of lycopene, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K and Potassium which are essential vital elements of good health.
Essential requirements for growing tomatoes in containers
Tomato plant can grow easily by picking a fresh tomato straight from your kitchen. Take one tomato and cut it into small round pieces. Put these cut tomato pieces, 1 inch deep in a pot with fertile soil.
Wait for about 4 weeks to germinate the seed and turn into a sprout. After germination a small swelling will come out. Proper care is necessary once Seedling is ready.
Tomato plant can grow in pots from small saplings of the plant as well. Buy a plant from local nursery or get a plant from your neighbor’s farm, make sure to saw this tomato plant in a good organic soil.
Pots or container- Large containers are good to grow tomato plant. Take 14 to i8 inches pot. As roots of tomato plant need space to expand.
Tomato plant can reach up to the Height of 2 to 3 feet so small pot may hamper the growth of the plant.
Make sure to plant tomato Seedling deep in the soil so roots get all the nutrient from soil and manure.
Only 1/4 part of Seedling should visible from outside and remaining plant should be covered with soil.
Try to plant one or two Seedling in one pot as tomato plant needs space for growing and expanding in the soil.
√ soil:- tomato plant retain healthy in well drained soil and do not well in soggy soil. good pH for growing plant is 6 to 6.8.
Make a potting mix with organic compost, peat moss and some Sand incorporated into it.
Loamy soil which is sand, tilt and clay mix is Good for tomato plant. Tomatoes root grow well in loose airy soil.
√ Temperature :- tomato is a warm season crop and They are grown mostly in mild to moderate temperature.
Very Cold climatic condition adversely affected plant growth.
At least 5 Hours Of Sunlight is required for the unerring growth of the plant.
Optimum temperature for growing tomato plant is 20 to 28degree Celsius with a range of 10 to 35 degrees Celsius.
Tomato Plant can not withstand in high humid or very low temperature .
At the time of fruiting bright sun is required which is the reason behind dense red color of tomatoes.
√ water requirement :- pour water slowly in to the pot and try to water the plants at least once a day. do not put direct water over the leaves, go for Sprinkling method for leaves.
Morning hours consider good to water the tomatoes.
Always try to keep upper 2 inch layer of soil moist with regular watering. Water them at the base not on the leaves of the plant.
If you are planning to grow the tomatoes in humid area then requirement of water will be less and water twice or thrice a week would be sufficient to grow plant well.
√ Fertilizer :- start the soil preparation by putting a mix of good fertilizer (low in nitrogen, high in phosphorus, potassium and calcium) in the base of container and then fill the pot with soil up to 3/4 part.
√ Staking:- always put a stage or support info the soil near to plant and place one plant in one pot. Bamboo stake are used for this purpose. Trellises can also give good support to the growing plant.
• Cherry tomatoes are sweeter and usually easy to grow in small sized containers.
• rain water is natural and best way to water the plants.
• Once Tomato plants grow optimally we can feed them with Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) adding in water in every 20 to 25 days. This is a great food for tomato plant.
• If you Find any insects on plants use neem oil spray in every 7 days.