Tomatoes are one of the easiest vegetable to grow in pots. Growing tomatoes in pots is a highly rewarding experience for a home gardener. Even a beginner in gardening can grow a perfect tomato plant at a small space on the terrace or balcony.
Learn How to growing tomatoes in pots Step by Step
Home grown tomatoes are free from any pesticides and taste better than those we buy from stores and supermarkets.
The most important factors to get success in growing tomatoes in pots are consistent watering and plenty of sunshine.
Though tomato is a fruit botanically as it directly develops from the flower of the plant but due to its savory flavor it is named under the category of vegetable plant.
Tomato is a culinary staple of almost all the dishes of different parts of India. It is the largest vegetable crop after potato and sweet potato in the world. From tempting Vegetable salads and sauces to wholesome pastas, all are incomplete without that sweet tangy flavor of tomatoes.
known facts about tomatoes:-
- Origin :- south and west America
- Species:- Lycopericon esculentum (solanu m lycopersicon)
- Family :- solanacea
- Varieties :- More than 70 Varieties of tomato present all over the world. They come in different color side and shapes. The most basic types or classification is
determinate or indeterminate
and heirloom or hybrid.
Tomatoes, beefsteak ,brandy wine, paste tomato (romas)& ,big boy, pear and purple haze.
Benefits of having tomatoes daily
apart from giving your food a distinct taste and color tomatoes are extremely good for General well being. They are great source of lycopene, vitamin a, vitamin c, vitamin k and potassium which are essentially vital part of humans good health.
Essential requirements for growing tomatoes in containers
Grow tomatoes from seeds:-
Tomatoes can be grown just by picking a fresh tomatoes your kitchen. Take a tomato and cut into small round pieces. put these cut tomato 1 inch deep in soiled pot.
wait for about 4 weeks to germinate the seed and turn into a sprout. After germination a small Swelling will come out. Proper care is necessary once Seedling is ready.
Tomato plants can be sown directly into the pot. You can buy a plant from nurse or can be taken with your neighbour’s farm and plant it in a good organic soil.
Pots or containers – Large containers are good to grow tomato plant. Take 14 to i8 inches pot. As roots of tomato plant need space to expand. Tomato plant can reach up to the Height of 2 to 3 feet so small pot may hamper the growth of the plant.
Make sure to plant tomato Seedling very deep in the soil so that roots get all the nutrient from soil and manure. Only 1/4 part of Seedling should visible from outside and rest all the plant should be covered with soil.
Try to plant one Seedling in each pot as tomato plant need space to grow and expand in soil.
√soil:- For growing tomatoes, well drained soil with pH 6 to 6.8 is ideal.
Make a potting mix with organic compost, peat moss and some Sand incorporated into it.
Loamy soil which is sand, tilt and clay mix is Good for tomato plant. Tomatoes root grow well in loose airy soil.
√Temperature :- tomato is a warm season crop and They are grown mostly in mild to moderate temperature. very cold climatic condition adversely affected plant growth.
At least 5 to 6 Hours Of Sunlight is required for the unerring growth of tomato plant.
Optimum temperature for tomato is 20 to 25degree Celsius with a range of 10 to 35 degrees.
Tomato plant can not withstand very humid or very low temperature .
At the time of fruiting bright sunlight is required that helps to make dense red color of tomatoes.
√water requirement :- pour water slowly info the pots and have them water at least once a day. Morning time is consider good to water the tomatoes.
Always try to keep upper layer of soil moist with regular watering . water tomatoes at the base not on the leaves of the plant.
If you are planning to grow the tomatoes in humid area then requirement of water will be less and watering twice a week would be enough for good growth of the plant .
√fertiliser :- start the soil preparation by putting a mix of good fertiliser (low in nitrogen, high in phosphorus, potassium and calcium) in the base of container and then fill the pot with soil up to 3/4 part.
Always put a stake or support in to the soil near to plant and place one plant in one pot. Bamboo stake are used for this purpose. Trellises can also be used as a support.
- Cherry tomatoes are sweeter and usually easy to grow in small sized containers.
- rain water is natural and best way to water the plant.
- After sowing plant you can also Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) with water in every 20 to 25 days. This is a great food for tomato plant.
- If you Find any insects on plant use neem oil spray.