“BLUEBERRY” is the healthiest and tastiest of all the berries , it is highly packed with antioxidants and minerals and is very low on carbs.
Besides eating them raw, blueberries can be added to breakfast dishes, baked goodies and yogurt on a daily basis.
These little nature’s gift are packed with nutrients which help our body in many ways such as
- to fight cancer
- lower down blood pressure
- reduce ageing
- immunity booster
- improve brain function
- prevent diabetes and heart diseases
- reduce muscular and nervous damage
and the list goes on…
Believe it or not blueberries are one of the easiest to grow in India despite being native to American continent.
These action packed gifts can be planted in pots or on the backyard with great ease and plants themselves are quite resistant to most pest and diseases . just protection from birds during bloom time is one thing to watch out for.
Types of blue berries
moreover varieties can be divided into 3 divisions
1) High Bush Variety
– usually 8-10 ft height is the maximum they gain . Best suited for small garden or Backyard Garden.
Most resistant plants out of the three . Yield highest amount of berries and are self-pollinating hence only 1 plant is self fertile and sufficient to produce ample amount of fruit for you and family.
2) Medium Variety or Hybrid – It gives you best of both the worlds the resistance and fruiting of the high bush with lesser maximum height of growth usually 5-6 feet.
3) Low bush variety – this is easy to grow in pots hence best suited for terrace Garden,growth being up to 3 feet as well this variety also makes an excellent ornamental plant.
single plant alone will not fruit much unless planted with one or two more plants.
Blueberries can be grown from Seeds or hard wood cuttings , Its a well tolerant plant to both winters and summers. Sparing some harsh summer months in northern India where you might want to provide some shade to your blueberry plant and put in shade during the heat wave.
Plants usually start to bloom fruits within a year of sowing though it is advisable to discourage fruiting by pinching the bloom tips to promote better growth of the plant.
Fruiting is annual for blueberry plant just after the monsoon, Wait until 2-3 days after your berries turn blue.
Average life is 10-12 years with regular pruning of the older branches.
Blueberry plant loves to grow in slightly acidic soil ( best suited pH is 4.5 to 5.5 for this plant)
To know the pH of your soil you can use COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE pH TESTING SOLUTIONS available in the market
The soil should be well drained and rich in organic matter like farm aged cow manure , leaf mould and kitchen compost.
Remember most juicy fruited plants and trees need deep watering.
Cocopeat addition along with manure is also favorable for the plant.
How to make your soil acidic
adding small amounts of sulphur always help to reduce pH of the soil ,
Leaf compost is yet another organic way also tea waste from kitchen can be added in small quantities once a month.
Yet another way is to add small amounts of kitchen waste enzymes, since garbage enzyme contains naturally formed vinegar which helps to maintain the soil pH best suited for growing blueberry plants.