To keep your fingers green in your organic garden here are a few tips and tricks you may want to roll up in your sleeves
Tip 1 Record keeping and mapping
More you grow , the more you will learn that gardening is one giant experiment and its always handy to keep if record of what worked and what didn’t.
A garden journal helps you here to remember things for you by keeping a detailed record of what , how, when and where about your crops and harvest is helpful for any amendments required in the following years.
Mapping your garden helps you to keep your soil and plants healthy and disease free.
Tip 2 Companion Planting :- Its difficult to resist the urge of putting your fingers on the ground and start planting but you will enjoy your garden more if you take time and plan your plants as friends and foes.
companion planting has been there since forever. Some plants grow really well together and others don’t. Companion planting is also useful to keep insects and pests away from your garden.
Some popular friends
1. Beets and Radish
2. Garlic and roses
3. Garlic and tomato or egg plant
4. Tomato and basil or Rosemary
5. strawberries and peaches
Some Popular foe
1. Apple and potato
2. broccoli(cabbage) and tomato
3. Garlic , onion next to beans and peas
4. grapes and cabbage
5. peppers and beans
Tip 3 crop rotation – Flower garden beds or terrace planters can be permanent but your vegetable planting location should not be same each year because rotation or alteration of location of the plants each year is the most important tool of Organic gardening. By moving your veggies around you are starving and tricking the pests and weeds and also allowing your soil to replenish its major nutrients. This is no rocket science in crop rotation but yes a garden journal is always handy tool.
Tip 4 location of plants as per sunlight direction Sun is the key source is energy to the plants and planting your taller plants in the south of your backyard or balcony garden will never deprive the smaller ones planted in the north direction from the sun rays, no matter whatever is the duration of sunlight in your green kingdom.
Tip 5 Epsom salt and wood ash and ASPIRIN in your garden. yes you read this correct its ASPIRIN which is good for your plants.
The word “aspirin” is not a coincidence. It is originated of Spiraea, a biological genus of shrubs that includes jasmine, beans, peas, clover and certain grasses and trees.
From ancient Egyptians To Hippocrates , ancient Greek physician used willow bark as a remedy for aches and pains, Actually plants in injury and distress of pests release natural acetyl salicylic acid ,key ingredient of Aspirin.
Putting up very diluted solution of aspirin in your plants keeps their health
Epsom salt or magnesium sulphate contains easily available magnesium to the plants for healthy root formation and hence pinch of Epsom salt dissolved in few litres of water and sprayed once in a blue moon will keep good growth of your garden.
Wood ash is a natural anti pest agent as well as high potassium diet for your soil. Just apply easily available wood ash on the pest infected leaves and see the magic
Tip 6 coco- peat and mulching – Coco peat yet another product of the wonder fruit yes that’s coconut, can entirely replace soil as a potting media when mixed with right amount of compost and organic fertilizers. It can also be used along with soil in equal ratio to lighten the weight in your balcony or terrace garden.
Being more porous than soil it provides more aeration to the roots, more room for the growth of roots and also retains moisture for greater periods ,specially used for indoor plants can reduce the frequency of watering to once in a month.
It is commercially available in various sizes and shapes almost everywhere.
Tip 7 – Natural pest repellents (Basil, Rosemary, onion garlic, chrysanthemum)
Instead of using chemical insect repellents on your skin and spraying poisonous insecticides in your garden you can plant a few green species which are natural and organic pest and insect repellents. The essential oil contents in these plants spread a sweet amusing flavour in your home for you while insects avoid them.