Majority of modern homes have very little or no space left for creating a dream garden. Most people strive to grow small container houseplants in their balcony or look for indoor gardening species for the passion for green living and to get fresh air in their homes.
If you also have indoor plants at home, it will not be a tough job to keep them healthy and blooming for long with these simple yet effective tricks and care measures.
1)Choose Plant Species Wisely for Your Indoor Garden
Not all plants can survive indoors in less humidity, temperature, and low light availability. If you want to grow plants indoors to freshen up your rooms, get more oxygen or for the sake of beautifying the living area, consider choosing the following houseplants that require minimal care.
- Succulents- There are several types of succulent plants, which add to the beauty of your living rooms. They thrive well in little water and medium to low light conditions even with little care.
- Aloe vera and Cactus: These are thorny indoor plants so it is wise to keep them away from corridors or passages. These houseplants need less watering and grow well in a warm climate.
- Lavender: You can grow them in containers placing them in moderate to high sunlight exposure. You need to give water to these plants regularly.
- Kitchen Herbs: With little care, you can grow edible herbs right next to your window in the kitchen to provide adequate sunlight. These herbs generally require watering every alternate day to stay fresh and growing.
- Spider Plants: With large drooping leaves, these plants grow well in large pots when placed in wet soil and high to moderate light.
2) Find the Best Spot to Keep Your Houseplants
Different indoor plants require varied light and caring. You need to choose a permanent place for the plant to ensure it thrives well for years to come.
Shifting the plants frequently can give minor shocks affecting its health and growth. For this reason, it is not safe to keep the interior plants on the table where you keep moving things for cleaning, eating or other purposes.
Most horticulturists recommend placing these plants near the windows, on a separate shelf or similar other locations in the house.
3) Watering Procedure is Not the Same for All Indoor Plants
Some interior plants like cacti and aloe vera grow well in extreme scarce water availability. However, if you have succulents in the pot, make sure there are holes at the bottom allowing fine drainage. You need to give it moderate water supply periodically allowing the soil to get the necessary moisture without getting swampy.
Before giving water to your houseplants, take note of the following issues:
The pH of the water should meet the requirement of concerned plant species.
Amount and frequency of water supply needed for proper growth of the particular species.
It is most preferable to sprinkle water on your indoor plants during the morning
Check the moisture balance of the soil before spraying more water. For instance, if the soil is moist and the plant does not require too much watering, test it after a couple of days again.
Use a long-spout watering can for spreading the water equally throughout the container without spilling.
4) Use homemade Compost and Organic Fertilizers
The indoor plants require fertilizer at least once a month for proper growth. Using chemical fertilizers from the market are good for overall development but you need to do some basic research to get the right mix for your houseplant species.
Alternatively, you can also use natural fertilizers that are easy to prepare at home. Homemade fertilizers are affordable and healthy for your indoor garden plants.
Mix finely grounded coffee powder/green tea leaves to the compost to prevent pathogen and weeds from growing around these plants. Coffee is acidic, it is ideal for plants requiring acidic soil such as ferns, azaleas, daffodils, aloe vera, etc.
You can use eggshell compost to strengthen the cellular development in leafy indoor plants. Dry the eggshells properly under the sun. Blend these dried shells in a grinder to prepare a smooth powder. Now mix the powder to the soil and add to your plants.
5) Keep Your Plants Clean
The indoor plants generally receive low sunlight. Cleaning your plants periodically is vital to ensure the dirt accumulation does not obstruct the photosynthesis. It will also help to prevent pest and diseases.
First, remove the brown and dried leaves carefully without hurting the plant. Now use a spray bottle to wet the dirt on the aerial parts evenly. Use a soft cotton cloth or a rag to clean the residues.
6) Allow Plant Exposure to Enough Light
The indoor plants require medium to low sunlight for proper growth. It is favorable to place these plants adjacent to the glass window to allow enough exposure to natural light. Always keep the windowpanes clean so that your plants get adequate warmth and light.
7) Follow the Right Pruning Schedule
Make a schedule to inspect your plant once a week to find if it requires pruning. Ideally, the indoor plants grow well when you prune them once they get over the flowering season. During the winters, the outer leaves can get dry. This is the time to prune away the old growing leaves and keep the plant fresh and healthy.
Some Parting Words,
Before choosing houseplants for adorning your living place, check for species that can thrive well in the local climate. Do a bit of research about the plant, essential care measures, and other requirements to keep them healthy for a long time.